Here is a great story (although a little bit old) on a prolific MIT economist Daron Acemoglu who is regarded by the author as a successor of Alexander Gerschenkron, a Russian-born, Austrian-trained Harvard economic historian.
"Anyone who hasn't read The Fly Swatter: How My Grandfather Made His Way in the World, Nicholas Dawidoff's account of the life of Alexander Gerschenkron, the great 20th-century scholar of economic development, is missing a good thing. Anyone who doesn't know about Daron Acemoglu is missing a good thing, too."
A recent article published in the Journal of Economic Perspectives has reviewed Daron Acemoglu's achievements from an academic perspective.
Another piece of short history provides a glance at the Clark Medalists' profile, but only covers the recipients from 1947 to 2003, i.e., from Samuelson to Levitt.